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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Gastric cancer and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: Gastrectomy followed by left hepatectomy to achieve R0 resection

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Long‑term survival of a patient with advanced hepatoid type adenocarcinoma of stomach and liver metastasis

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Multiple massive intratumoral hemorrhages of metastatic brain melanoma after ventriculoperitoneal shunt

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Using donor ascending aorta for venous reconstruction in a situs inversus heart transplantation

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Obstructive tracheal neoplasm: Imaging and therapeutical features of pleomorphic adenoma

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Enhancing rat full-thickness skin wounds with a mixed aloe/chitosan gel

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Evaluation of risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreaticoduodenectomy

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第52卷 第3期 2019-6
Long-term surgical outcome of median nerve injuries

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Occult medullary breast carcinoma in a male

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Innovative methods of maintaining operation records using the online Google spreadsheet

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Closing of postoperative integument, skull bones and dura defects

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Periorbital purulent drainage of resulting from bacterial pansinusitis

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
A simple technique to create spur in loop colostomy

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
A randomized clinical trial comparing a collagen-based composite dressing versus topical antibiotic ointment on healing full-thickness skin wounds to promote epithelialization

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Biodegradation patterns of injected composite bone cements in porcine vertebral bodies: A study using quantitative computed tomography

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第52卷 第2期 2019-4
Geriatric trauma: A population‑based study

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第52卷 第1期 2019-2
Low‑tidal‑volume ventilation for recipients of lung transplant: Ready for clinical use?

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第52卷 第1期 2019-2
Primary small gut lymphoma presenting as an incarcerated inguinal hernia in an adult

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第52卷 第1期 2019-2
Metastatic lung neuroendocrine carcinoma presenting as a breast lump

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第52卷 第1期 2019-2
Neglected giant dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans

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篇名 Occult medullary breast carcinoma in a male
作者 Mahmood Dhahir Al‑Mendalawi
卷期/出版年月 52卷2期 (2019/4)
頁次 70-70
摘要 Dear Editor, I read with interest the case report by Ballal and Rodrigues[1] published in the November–December 2018 issue of the Formosan Journal of Surgery. The authors described the clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment plan of the occult medullary breast carcinoma (OMBC) in a male Indian patient.[1] Based on the rarity of this neoplastic lesion to develop in a male patient, I assume that the authors ought to take into consideration compromised immune status in the studied patient. Among compromised immune states, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is of great importance. It is worthy to mention that patients with HIV infection are more liable to have neoplastic lesions compared to healthy individuals. This increased liability has been thought to be related to different factors, including co‑infection with oncogenic viruses, immunosuppression, and life prolongation secondary to the use of antiretroviral therapy.[2] India is among the Asian countries confronting the serious consequences of HIV infection. Although no recent data are yet present on the exact HIV seroprevalence in India, the available data pointed out to 0.26% seroprevalence compared with a global average of 0.2%.[3] I assume that the underlying HIV infection ought to be taken into consideration in the studied patient. Hence, implementing the diagnostic panel of viral overload and CD4 lymphocyte count measurements was envisaged. If that cluster of tests was to reveal HIV positivity, the case in question could be confidently regarded a novel case report. This is because HIV‑associated OMBC in a male patient has never been reported in the world literature so far.
關鍵詞
分類 Letter to the Editor

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