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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia treated using stereotactic Gamma Knife radiosurgery

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Sacrococcygeal teratoma with unilateral renal agenesis, spinal dysraphism, lumbar hernia, CTEV and natal teeth

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
VACTERL association with left pulmonary agenesis in an infant

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Slipping rib syndrome: A neglected cause of hypochondrial pain

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Linear accelerator‑based radiosurgery in treating indirect carotid cavernous fistulas

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Comparison of mesh fixation and nonfixation in laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Management of postoperative ileus after robot‑assisted radical prostatectomy

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第52卷 第6期 2019-12
Demography of the remnant of omphalomesenteric duct

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Corrigendum: Simultaneous or staged operation? Timing of cranioplasty and ventriculoperitoneal shunt after decompressive craniectomy

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Cowden syndrome diagnosed by Lhermitte–Duclos disease

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Rapid progression of thymoma in a 3‑year‑old‑girl

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Recurrent abdominal pain with thrombocytosis: A presentation of wandering spleen

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Gigantic giant cell tumor of the anterolateral rib treated with wide resection

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Robotic nipple‑sparing mastectomy: A preliminary report of a single institute and joint collective analysis of current reported series

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Factor influencing outcome of source control in the management of complicated intra‑abdominal infection in Cipto Mangunkusumo University Hospital

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Acute gastric volvulus in children: A systematic review

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第52卷 第5期 2019-10
Blue‑light cystoscopy and narrow‑band imaging in bladder cancer management

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第52卷 第4期 2019-10
Clipping of spinal arteriovenous fistula of the filum terminale under intraoperative angiography guidance

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第52卷 第4期 2019-10
Retiform and epithelioid hemangioendothelioma arising from the spleen

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第52卷 第4期 2019-10
Multiple paragangliomas involving carotid body and vagal region

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篇名 Occult medullary breast carcinoma in a male
作者 Mahmood Dhahir Al‑Mendalawi
卷期/出版年月 52卷2期 (2019/4)
頁次 70-70
摘要 Dear Editor, I read with interest the case report by Ballal and Rodrigues[1] published in the November–December 2018 issue of the Formosan Journal of Surgery. The authors described the clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and treatment plan of the occult medullary breast carcinoma (OMBC) in a male Indian patient.[1] Based on the rarity of this neoplastic lesion to develop in a male patient, I assume that the authors ought to take into consideration compromised immune status in the studied patient. Among compromised immune states, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is of great importance. It is worthy to mention that patients with HIV infection are more liable to have neoplastic lesions compared to healthy individuals. This increased liability has been thought to be related to different factors, including co‑infection with oncogenic viruses, immunosuppression, and life prolongation secondary to the use of antiretroviral therapy.[2] India is among the Asian countries confronting the serious consequences of HIV infection. Although no recent data are yet present on the exact HIV seroprevalence in India, the available data pointed out to 0.26% seroprevalence compared with a global average of 0.2%.[3] I assume that the underlying HIV infection ought to be taken into consideration in the studied patient. Hence, implementing the diagnostic panel of viral overload and CD4 lymphocyte count measurements was envisaged. If that cluster of tests was to reveal HIV positivity, the case in question could be confidently regarded a novel case report. This is because HIV‑associated OMBC in a male patient has never been reported in the world literature so far.
關鍵詞
分類 Letter to the Editor

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